Japanese Macaque 1

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Japanese Macaque

Distinguishing Characteristics

Japanese macaques are brown to gray and have a red face and bottom and a short tail.

Physical Characteristics

Head and body length
- Male: 472-601mm (18.6-23.7in)
- Female: 535-607mm (21.1-23.9in)
- Male: 8.3-18.0kg (18.3-39.7lb)
- Female: 11.0-18.0kg (24.2-39.7lb)



Subtropical to subalpine, deciduous, broadleaf, and ever green forest of Japan below 1500m (4922ft). This macaque lives at the northernmost latitude of any nonhuman primate. An introduced free-ranging population has lived in Texas (USA) since 1972.


Fruit, seeds, leaves, bark, fungi, bird eggs, and invertebrates such as snails and cray fish.


Diurnal, arboreal, and terrestrtial. Japanese macaques are good swimmers. This species often invades human territories, including hot thermal baths in the winter.